Effectively Design and Simulate Thermosyphon Reboiler Systems: Part 1

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EFFECTIVELY DESIGN AND SIMULATE THERMOSYPHON REBOILER SYSTEMS: Part 1

Gary R. Martin
Process Consulting Services Inc.
P.O. Box 1447
Grapevine, Texas 76099-1447

Andrew W. Sloley
The Distillation Group, Inc.*
P.O. Box 10105
College Station, Texas 77842-0105

Published in
Hydrocarbon Processing
June 1995

Abstract copyright Andrew W. Sloley
1997


Thermosyphon reboilers provide a simple, low-maintenance design for distillation tower reboiler systems. Design of true thermosyphon exchangers requires an intimate knowledge of a distillation tower's heat balance, temperature levels, and pressure balance in the reboiler loop. Depending on system relative volatilities, the temperature levels vary strongly with composition gradients. This paper compares the commonly used simulation networks for different thermosyphon exchanger-distillation tower configurations. The implications on exchanger design of the correct and incorrect simulation configuration will be shown in case studies of two industrial units. The two cases compare a low relative volatility (alpha) system (ethylene-ethane splitter) and a high alpha system (fluid catalytic cracking unit deethanizer). Main factors presented include impact on equipment size and design. Proper design criteria for the simulation of the thermosyphon exchanger and distillation tower and for integrating process and equipment design are shown.

Part 1 - 8 pages including 11 tables and figures.
Part 2 - 10 pages including 20 tables and figures.
Electronic versions available in Adobe Acrobat PDF format files 034.PDF 1628k and 035.PDF 1593k.

Request papers 034 and/or 035.

*Current affiliation

This page updated June 1, 1999.
© 1999 The Distillation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.